Metronidazole drug card

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Are you looking for detailed information on Metronidazole and its uses? Look no further than the Metronidazole Drug Card! This handy reference tool provides you with all the essential details about this medication in one convenient place.

From dosage instructions and common side effects to precautions and interactions, the Metronidazole Drug Card has got you covered. Whether you are a healthcare professional or a patient, this resource is a valuable addition to your medical arsenal.

Stay informed and stay prepared with the Metronidazole Drug Card – your go-to guide for all things Metronidazole!

What is Metronidazole

Metronidazole is an antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication that is used to treat various bacterial and protozoal infections. It belongs to the nitroimidazole class of antibiotics and works by interfering with the DNA of the microorganisms, leading to their death.

Mechanism of Action

Metronidazole works by entering the bacterial or protozoal cells and blocking the replication of their DNA. This disrupts their ability to multiply and leads to their eventual death. It is particularly effective against anaerobic bacteria and certain parasites.

Class Nitroimidazole antibiotic
Mechanism of Action Interferes with DNA synthesis
Target Bacterial and protozoal cells
Effect Cell death

Indications for use

Metronidazole is a versatile antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication that is commonly used to treat various bacterial and protozoal infections in humans.

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Bacterial Infections

Metronidazole is effective in treating a wide range of bacterial infections, including those caused by anaerobic bacteria such as Clostridium species, Bacteroides species, and Prevotella species. It is commonly prescribed for infections of the skin, abdomen, pelvis, bones, and central nervous system.

Protozoal Infections

Protozoal Infections

In addition to bacterial infections, metronidazole is also effective against protozoal infections, particularly those caused by parasites such as Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, and Trichomonas vaginalis. It is commonly used to treat infections of the gastrointestinal tract, genital tract, and the oral cavity.

Indications for use

Bacterial Infections:

Metronidazole is commonly used to treat bacterial infections, including bacterial vaginosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, certain skin infections, and respiratory tract infections.

It is important to note that metronidazole is not effective against viral infections, such as the common cold or flu.

Protozoal Infections:

Metronidazole is also effective in treating protozoal infections, such as giardiasis, trichomoniasis, and amoebiasis.

It works by killing the protozoa or preventing them from multiplying, thereby helping to control and eliminate the infection.

Bacterial infections

Bacterial infections

Metronidazole is an antibiotic drug that is commonly used to treat various bacterial infections. It is effective against a wide range of anaerobic bacteria, including many that cause infections in the gastrointestinal tract, skin, and reproductive organs.

Metronidazole works by disrupting the DNA of the bacteria, leading to their destruction and ultimately curing the infection. It is particularly effective in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and certain types of gum infections.

When using metronidazole to treat bacterial infections, it is important to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions closely and complete the full course of treatment to ensure that the infection is completely eradicated.

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Protozoal infections

Metronidazole is also used to treat protozoal infections caused by parasites such as Giardia and Trichomonas. Protozoal infections can cause a variety of symptoms including diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vaginal infections.

Metronidazole works by interfering with the DNA of the parasites, preventing them from reproducing and causing the infection to clear up.

The dosage and duration of treatment for protozoal infections may vary depending on the specific type of parasite and the severity of the infection. It is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider or pharmacist to ensure the infection is fully treated.

Dosage and administration

Metronidazole is typically administered orally or intravenously, depending on the severity of the infection and the patient’s condition.

Oral administration:

  • The usual adult dose for bacterial infections is 500 mg to 750 mg three times a day for 7 to 10 days.
  • For protozoal infections, the typical dose is 400 mg to 800 mg three times a day for 5 to 10 days.
  • Metronidazole should be taken with food to minimize gastrointestinal upset.

Intravenous administration:

  • The intravenous dose of metronidazole is typically 500 mg to 1000 mg infused over 30 minutes to 1 hour.
  • This route of administration is preferred for patients who cannot take oral medication or who require rapid absorption of the drug.
  • The length of intravenous treatment depends on the type and severity of the infection, as determined by the healthcare provider.

Oral administration

Metronidazole can be administered orally in the form of tablets or liquid suspension. It is important to follow the dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

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Dosage form Dosage Frequency
Tablets 500 mg Twice daily
Liquid suspension 200 mg/5 mL Three times daily

It is important to take metronidazole with a full glass of water to ensure proper absorption in the stomach. Avoid taking it with alcohol as it can cause adverse reactions.

Intravenous administration

When administering Metronidazole intravenously, the drug should be diluted in 0.9% sodium chloride injection or 5% dextrose injection. The diluted solution should be infused over 1 hour at a rate not exceeding 20 mg/min.

The recommended dosage of Metronidazole for intravenous administration is generally 500 mg to 750 mg every 8 hours. In severe infections, the dosage may be increased to 1 g every 8 hours. The duration of treatment is usually 7 to 10 days, but it may vary depending on the specific condition being treated.

Prior to initiating intravenous administration, it is important to assess the patient’s medical history, including any known allergies or sensitivity to Metronidazole. Monitoring for potential adverse reactions during the infusion is crucial to ensure patient safety.